Social security

Living in Europe | Day care, schooling & family related issues | Finland

Finnish social security is divided into employment-based, earnings-related social security and residence-based social security.

Employees

Coverage by the Finnish social security system requires that you are either moving permanently to Finland or working in Finland. The scope of social security coverage of employees is also determined by the citizenship of the employees and the intended length of their employment.

If you will work in Finland for at least four (4) consecutive months, and a minimum of 18 hours a week, you will be eligible for residence-based social security benefits on the basis of employment from the beginning of your employment.

In case your eligibility for residence-based social security benefits will be created on the basis of employment, the eligibility will terminate when the employment ends.

For more precise information, please see: Kela.fi: Working in Finland 

Researchers working on a grant

Researchers working on a grant are usually not covered by the Finnish social security system since their stay in Finland is considered temporary. However, if the research work continues for more than a year, you have financing for more than a year and all other circumstances also indicate permanent residence in Finland, you may, as a rule, be covered by the Finnish social security system on the basis of permanent residence.

The definition of permanent residency in Finland, however, varies depending on your country of origin. If you are moving to Finland from outside the EU or Nordic countries, the qualification for permanent residency and municipality is 2 years of residency in Finland. If your research grant is for two years or more, you will normally be covered by the Finnish social security system and will qualify for Kela (The Social Insurance Institution of Finland) benefits as soon as you move to Finland.

Researchers from the EU/EEA countries who carryout research work or pursue postgraduate studies in Finland financed through a Finnish grant which entails the obligation to take out insurance under the Farmers' Pensions Act for at least four months, you are covered by the Finnish social security system for the duration of your research work or postgraduate studies. Coverage under the Finnish social security system has to be applied for with Kela.

For more precise information, please see: Kela.fi: moving to Finland, Study or Research in Finland

Family members

Information on family members' eligibility for social security benefits in Finland can be found at Kela.fi: Moving to Finland - Family .

Social security matters are quite complex and many different factors have affect the decision concerning social security benefits. Therefore, it is advisable to contact the local KELA office or In To - Finland service point that has been designed especially for foreign employees coming to work in Finland.

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